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Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response


2.4. Essential health services - injury

Injury is usually the major cause of excess mortality and morbidity following acute-onset natural disasters such as earthquakes.Many acute-onset natural disasters are mass casualty events, meaning more people are made patients than the locally available resources can manage using routine procedures. Injury due to physical violence is also associated with complex emergencies. During armed conflict for example, most trauma-related deaths occur in insecure regions away from health facilities and therefore cannot usually be prevented by medical care. Interventions that aim to protect the civilian population are required to prevent these deaths (see Protection Principle 3, guidance notes 1–5).