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Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response


Abbreviations and acronyms

ART
anti-retroviral therapy

BEmOC
basic emergency obstetric care

BMI
body mass index

BMS
breastmilk substitutes

BTS
blood transfusion service

CDC
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CE-DAT
Complex Emergency Database

CEDAW
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

CEmOC
comprehensive emergency obstetric care

CFR
case fatality rate

CIHL
Customary International Humanitarian Law

DAC
Development Assistance Committee

DPT
diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus

ECB
Emergency Capacity Building (Project)

HAP
Humanitarian Accountability Partnership

IFE
infant feeding in emergencies

IFPRI
International Food Policy Research Institute

IFRC
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

ISPO
International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics

IYCF
infant and young child feeding

Km
kilometre

LBW
low birth weight

LEDS
light-emitting diodes

LEGS
Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards

LLIN
long-lasting insecticide-treated net

MISP
Minimum Initial Service Package

MOH
Ministry of Health

MSF
Médecins sans Frontières

MUAC
mid upper arm conference

NCDs
non-communicable diseases

NCHS
National Center for Health Statistics

NFI
non-food item

NGO
non-governmental organisation

NICS
Nutrition in Crisis Information System

NRC
Norwegian Refugee Council

OCHA
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OHCHR
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

ORS
Oral rehydration salts

PAHO
Pan American Health Organization

PEP
Post-exposure prophylaxis

PLHIV
People living with HIV

PLWHA
People living with HIV and AIDS

PMTCT
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (of HIV)

PoUWT
Point-of-use water treatment

Q&A
Quality and accountability

RH
Reproductive health

RNI
Reference nutrient intakes

SCM
Supply chain management

SEEP
Small Enterprise Education and Promotion (Network)

SMART
Standardised Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions

STIs
Sexually transmitted infections

TB
Tuberculosis

TIG
Tetanus immune globulin

U5MR
Under-5 mortality rate

UDHR
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UN
United Nations

UNAIDS
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNFCCC
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNFPA
United Nations Population Fund

UNHCR
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UN Refugee Agency)

UNICEF
United Nations Children’s Fund

USAID
United States Agency for International Development

VCA
Vulnerability and capacity analysis

VIP
Ventilated improved pit (latrine)

WFH
Weight for height

WHA
World Health Assembly

WHO
World Health Organization

WWF
Organization of African Unity (now African Union)