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Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response


Appendix 3

Formulas for calculating key health indicators

Crude mortality rate (CMR)

Total number of deaths during time period  x10,000 persons =  Deaths/
10,000 persons/day

 
Mid-period population at risk x Number of days in time period 


Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR)

Total number of deaths in children <5 years during time period  x10,000 persons =  Deaths/
10,000 children under 5 years/
day

 
Total number of children <5 years x Number of days in time period 


Incidence rate

Number of new cases due to specific disease in time period  x1,000 persons =  New cases due to specific disease/
1,000 persons/month

 
Population at risk of developing disease x Number of months in time period 


Case fatality rate (CFR)

Number of people dying from disease during time period  x 100 =  x%

 
People who have the disease during time period 


Health facility utilisation rate

Total number of visits in one week  x 52 weeks =  Visits/
person/
year

 
Total population 


Number of consultations per clinician per day

Total number of consultations in one week  ÷  Number of days health facility open per week

 
Number FTE* clinicians in health facility 

* FTE (full-time equivalent) refers to the equivalent number of clinicians working in a health facility. For example, if there are six clinicians working in the outpatient department but two of them work half-time, then the number of FTE clinicians = 4 full-time staff + 2 half-time staff = 5 FTE clinicians.