The Sphere Project
Copyright@The Sphere Project 2011
The Sphere Project was initiated in 1997 by a group of NGOs and the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement to develop a set of universal minimum standards in core areas of humanitarian response: the Sphere Handbook. The aim of the Handbook is to improve the quality of humanitarian response in situations of disaster and conflict, and to enhance the accountability of the humanitarian system to disaster-affected people. The Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response are the product of the collective experience of many people and agencies. They should therefore not be seen as representing the views of any one agency.
First trial edition 1998
First final edition 2000
Second edition 2004
Third edition 2011
A catalogue record fort his publication is available from The British Library and the US Library of Congress.
All rights reserved. This material is copyright but may be reproduced by any method without fee for educational purposes but not for resale. Formal permission is required for all such uses but normally will be granted immediately. For copying in other circumstances, for posting online or for re-use in other publications, for translation or adaptation, prior written permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, and a fee may be payable.
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