How to use this chapter
This chapter is divided into two main sections:
Shelter and settlement
Non-food items: clothing, bedding and household items
Both sections provide general standards for use in any of several response scenarios for displaced and non-displaced populations, including temporary or transitional individual household shelter on original sites, or the return to repaired dwellings; temporary accommodation with host families; and/or temporary communal settlement comprising planned or self-settled camps, collective centres, transit or return centres.
The Protection Principles and Core Standards must be used consistently with this chapter.
Although primarily intended to inform humanitarian response to a disaster, the minimum standards may also be considered during disaster preparedness and the transition to recovery and reconstruction activities.
Each section contains the following:
- The minimum standards: These are qualitative in nature and specify the minimum levels to be attained in humanitarian response regarding the provision of shelter.
- Key actions: These are suggested activities and inputs to help meet the standards.
- Key indicators: These are ‘signals’ that show whether a standard has been attained. They provide a way of measuring and communicating the processes and results of key actions; they relate to the minimum standard, not to the key action.
- Guidance notes: These include specific points to consider when applying the minimum standards, key actions and key indicators in different situations. They provide guidance on tackling practical difficulties, benchmarks or advice on priority issues. They may also include critical issues relating to the standards, actions or indicators, and describe dilemmas, controversies or gaps in current knowledge.
If required key actions and indicators cannot be met,the resulting adverse implications on the affected population should be appraised and appropriate mitigating actions taken.
A needs assessment checklist is provided to inform the application of the standards in both defining and monitoring response activities.,and a list of references and further reading, including a selection of practical ‘how to’ guidance resources, is also included.