Infant and young child feeding standard 1: Policy guidance and coordination
Safe and appropriate infant and young child feeding for the population is protected through implementation of key policy guidance and strong coordination.
Key actions (to be read in conjunction with the guidance notes)
Uphold the provisions of the Operational Guidance on infant feeding in emergencies (IFE) and the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes and subsequent relevant World Health Assembly (WHA) resolutions (collectively known as the Code) (see guidance notes 1–2).
Avoid soliciting or accepting donations of breastmilk substitutes (BMS), other milk products, bottles and teats (see guidance note 2).
Key indicators (to be read in conjunction with the guidance notes)
A national and/or agency policy is in place that addresses IYCF and reflects the Operational Guidance on IFE (see guidance note 1).
A lead coordinating body on IYCF is designated in every emergency (see Guidance note 1).
A body to deal with any donations of BMS, milk products, bottles and teats is designated (see guidance note 2).
Code violations are monitored and reported (see guidance notes 1–2).
- Policy guidance, coordination and communication: Key policy guidance documents to inform emergency programmes include the Operational Guidance on IFE and the Code. Additional guidance can be found in the References and further reading section. WHA Resolution 63.23 (2010) urges member states to ensure that national and international preparedness plans and emergency responses follow the Operational Guidance on IFE. Disaster preparedness includes policy development, orientation and training on IFE, identifying sources of Code-compliant BMS and of complementary food. A lead coordinating body on IYCF should be assigned in every emergency. Monitoring and reporting on Code violations is an important contribution to aid accountability. Clear, consistent communication to the affected population and in press releases has a critical influence on the response.
- Handling milk and milk products: Milk and milk products should not be included in untargeted distributions (see Food security– food transfers standard 2, guidance note 5 ).Indications for and management of artificial feeding should be in accordance with the Operational Guidance on IFE and the Code, ideally under the guidance of the designated IFE coordinating body. Donations of BMS, milk products, bottles and teats should not be sought or accepted in emergencies. Any donations that do arrive should be placed under the control of a designated agency and their management determined by the IFE coordinating body.