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Carta Humanitaria y normas mínimas para la respuesta humanitaria


Referencias y lecturas complementarias

Referencias

ACNUR, Programa Mundial de Alimentos (WFP), University College London y IASC Nutrition Cluster, NutVal version 2.2, 2006

www.nutval.net/2008/05/download-page.html

Black et al, Maternal and child undernutrition 1. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences.www.thelancet.com, series, 17 de enero de 2008.

CARE, Coping Strategies Index: CSI Field Methods Manual, 2008.

Castleman T., Seumo-Fosso E. et Bruce Cogill B., Food and Nutrition Implications of Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource Limited Settings, FANTA (Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance) technical note no.7, Washington DC, 2004.

Comité de Seguridad Alimentaria Mundial (FAO), Directivas voluntarias en apoyo a la realización progresiva del derecho a una alimentación adecuada en el contexto de la seguridad alimentaria nacional, Roma, 2004.
http://www.ohchr.org/SP/Pages/WelcomePage.aspx

El derecho a una vivienda adecuada (artículo 11 del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Económicos, Sociales Culturales, Comentario General 12, del 12 de mayo 1999. U.N. Doc E/C. 12/1999/5. Comité de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales, 1999.

http://www.ohchr.org/SP/Pages/WelcomePage.aspx

Escala del Componente de Acceso de la Inseguridad Alimentaria en el Hogar (HFIAS) para la Medición del Acceso a los Alimentos en el Hogar: Guía de Indicadores, FANTA. Washington DC, 2007.

http://www.fantaproject.org/downloads/pdfs/HFIAS_v3_Aug07.pdf

Grupo Medular para la Alimentación de Lactantes y Niños/as Pequeños/as en Emergencias (IFE, por sus siglas en inglés) : Alimentación de Lactantes y Niños/as Pequeños/as en Emergencias Guía Operativa para Personal de Mitigación de Emergencias y Administradores/as del Programa, 2007.
http://www.ennonline.net/resources/6

LEGS, Normas y directrices para internvenciones ganaderas en emergencias (LEGS), Practical Action Publishing, Reino Unido, 2009.
http://www.livestock-emergency.net/downloads/index.html

Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT), C138, Convenio sobre la edad mínima, 1973.
www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/singles.pl?query=011973138@ref&chspec=01

OMS, Patrones de crecimiento infantil de la OMS, 2009.
www.who.int/nutrition/media_page/tr_summary_spanish.pdf

OMS, Growth reference data for 5-19 years, 2007.

www.who.int/growthref/en/

OMS, The International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes, 1981.
http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/code_english.pdf
Véase también: www.ibfan.org

Pejic, J (2001), The Right to Food in Situations of Armed Conflict: The Legal Framework. International Review of the Red Cross, vol 83, no 844 p1097, Ginebra, 2001.

http://www.icrc.org/spa/index.jsp

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (WFP), Food Distribution Guidelines, Roma, 2006.

Red Interagenciál para la educación en Situaciones de Emergencia (INEE), Normas mínimas para la educación: Preparación, respuesta, recuperación (incluye programas de alimentación), Nueva York, 2010.

www.ineesite.org

SMART (Standardised Monitoring and Assessments of Relief and Transition): Metodología SMART para encuestas nutricionales.
http://comunidad.nutrinet.org/es/publicaciones/func-startdown/87/

Swindale A., y Bilinsky P., Puntaje de Diversidad Dietética en el Hogar (HDDS) para la Medición del Acceso a los Alimentos en el Hogar: Guía de Indicadores version 2, FANTA, Washington DC, 2006.
http://www.fantaproject.org/downloads/pdfs/HDDS_v2_Spanish.pdf


Lecturas complementarias

Evaluaciones

Evaluación inicial

IASC, Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) Tool. Global Health, Nutrition and WASH Clusters, 2009.

Evaluación de la seguridad alimentaria

CARE, Household Livelihood Security Assessments: A Toolkit for Practitioners, Estados Unidos, 2002.

Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA)-2, Alternative Sampling Designs for Emergency Settings: A Guide for Survey Planning, Data Collection and Analysis, 2009.
Washington DC.

www.fantaproject.org/publications/asg2009.shtml

FAO y PMA, Crop and Food Security Assessment Missions (CFSAM) Guidelines. Roma, 2009.

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) Guidelines, Rome, 2009.

www.wfp.org/food-security/guidelines

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), Manual para la evaluación de la seguridad alimentaria en situaciones de emergencia – segunda edición, Roma, 2009.
http://home.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/manual_guide_proced/wfp203214.pdf

Save the Children, The Household Economy Approach: A guide for programme planners and policy-makers, Londres, 2008.

Evaluación de la seguridad de las semillas

Longley C. et al (2002), Do Farmers Need Relief Seed? A Methodology for Assessing Seed Systems, Disasters, 26, 343–355, 2002.

Sperling L., When disaster strikes: a guide to assessing seed system security. International
Center for Tropical Agriculture. Cali, Colombia, 2008.

Evaluación de los medios de subsistencia

IASC, Matrix on Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Ensuring a Coordinated, Multi-Sectoral Fuel Strategy in Humanitarian Settings, Version 1.1, Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings, 2009.

Jaspers, S and Shoham, J (2002), A Critical Review of Approaches to Assessing and Monitoring Livelihoods in Situations of Chronic Conflict and Political Instability, ODI, 2002

Mercados

CARE, Cash, Local Purchase, and/or Imported Food Aid?: Market Information and Food Insecurity Response Analysis, 2008.

Mike A., Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA) toolkit. Practical Action Publishing, Oxfam GB, 2010.

Consumo alimentario

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (WFP), Food Consumption Analysis: Calculation and Use of the Food Consumption Score in Food Security Analysis, Technical Guidance Sheet, Roma, 2008.

Swindale A., y Bilinsky P., Puntaje de Diversidad Dietética en el Hogar (HDDS) para la Medición del Acceso a los Alimentos en el Hogar: Guía de Indicadores version 2, FANTA, Washington DC, 2006.
http://www.fantaproject.org/downloads/pdfs/HDDS_v2_Spanish.pdf

Métodos participativos

ActionAid, Participatory Vulnerability Analysis, Londres, 2004.

CARE, Manual para el análisis de capacidad y vulnerabilidad climatica, 2010.

Federación Internacional de Sociedades de la Cruz Roja y de la Media Luna Roja (Federación Internacional), Análisis de la vulnerabilidad y la capacidad (AVC), Ginebra 2007. www.ifrc.org/es

Tearfund : CEDRA, Evaluación de riesgos y adaptación al cambio climático y a la degradación del medio ambiente, 2009. http://tilz.tearfund.org/webdocs/Tilz/Topics/Environmental%20Sustainability/CEDRA_S_web.pdf

Sistemas de información sobre la nutrición y la seguridad alimentaria

Famine Early Warning Systems Network — FEWS NET: www.fews.net

Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (2008), Technical Manual. Version 1.1. www.fao.org
Shoham, J, Watson, F and Dolan, C, The use of nutrition indicators in surveillance systems, Technical paper 2, ODI, Londres.

Sistema de cartografía y de información sobre la inseguridad alimentaria y la vulnerabilidad (SICIAV) http://www.fivims.org/

Evaluación antropométrica

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/WFP, A Manual: Measuring and Interpreting Malnutrition and Mortality, Roma, 2005. www.cdc.gov

Collins S., Duffield A. y Myatt M., Adults: Assessment of Nutritional Status in Emergency-Affected Populations, Ginebra, 2000.

Save the Children UK, Emergency nutrition assessment, and guidance for field workers, London, 2006.

UN ACC Sub Committee on Nutrition, Assessment of Adult Undernutrition in Emergencies, Report of an SCN working group on emergencies special meeting in SCN News, 22, pp49–51, Ginebra, 2001.

Young H. y Jaspars S., The meaning and measurement of acute malnutrition in emergencies. A primer for decision makers. Londres, 2006.

Evaluación de micronutrientes

Gorstein J. et al, Indicators and methods for cross sectional surveys of vitamin and mineral status of populations, 2007.

Seal A. and Prudhon C, Assessing micronutrient deficiencies in emergencies: Current practice and future directions, Ginebra, 2007.

Evaluación de la alimentación del lactante y del niño pequeño

CARE, Infant and young child feeding practices. Collecting and Using Data: A Step-by-Step Guide, 2010.
www.ennonline.net/resources

Alimentación del lactante y del niño pequeño

ACNUR, Guidance on Infant Feeding and HIV in the Context of Refugees and displaced Populations, 2009. www.ennonline.net/ife

IFE Core Group, Protegiendo a los niños y niñas en emergencias – Información para los medios de comunicación, 2009. www.ennonline.net

IFE Core Group, Alimentación de Lactantes y Niños/as Pequeños/as en Emergencias – Guía Operativa para Personal de Mitigación de Emergencias y Administradores/as del Programa, 2007.
www.ennonline.net

IFE Core Group and collaborators, IFE Module 1: Orientation package on IFE, 2009.
www.ennonline.net/ife

OMS, HIV and infant feeding. Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence, Ginebra, 2010.

OMS, Guiding Principles for feeding infants and young children during emergencies, Ginebra, 2004.


UNICEF/OMS, Estrategia mundial para la alimentación de los lactantes y niños de corta edad, Ginebra, 2003.

USAID, AED, FANTA, University of California DAVIS e International Food Policy Research Institute Indicadores para evaluar las prácticas de alimentación del lactante y del niño pequeño, Washington DC, 2007

Respuestas en el ámbito de la seguridad alimentaria

Generalidades

ACNUR, UNICEF, PMA y OMS, Food and Nutrition Needs in Emergencies, Ginebra, 2002.

Barrett C. and Maxwell, D., Food Aid After Fifty Years: Recasting Its Role. Londres, 2005.

IASC (2005),Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings – Focusing on Prevention of and response to Sexual Violence in Emergencies, Chapters 1–4, Action Sheet 6.1 Food Security and Nutrition.

Maxwell D. et al, Emergency food security interventions, ODI, Good Practice Review #10. Relief and Rehabilitation Network, ODI, Londres, 2008.

Selección de destinatarios y distribución de alimentos

ACNUR, UNHCR Handbook for Registration, Ginebra, 2003.

Jaspars S., y Young H., General Food Distribution in Emergencies: from Nutritional Needs to Political Priorities. Good Practice Review 3. Relief and Rehabilitation Network, ODI, Londres, 1995.

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), School Feeding Quality Standards, Roma, 2009.

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), Food Assistance in the context of HIV: Ration Design Guide, Roma, 2008.

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), Targeting in Emergencies, Roma, 2006.

Gestión de la cadena de suministros y calidad e inocuidad de los alimentos

Almacén de suministros de asistencia humanitaria de las Naciones Unidas(2010), Catalogue and Standard Operating Procedures, 2010. www.unhrd.org

CARE, Food Resource Management handbook.

Logistics Cluster, Logistics Operational Guide, WFP, Roma, 2010.

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), Food Quality Control, 2010. http://foodquality.wfp.org

Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA), Food Storage Manual. Natural Resources Institute/WFP. Chatham, RU y Roma, 2003.

World Vision International, World Vision Food Resource Manual, segunda edición.

World Vision International. Food Monitors Manual.

Dinero en efectivo y cupones

Action contre la faim, Implementing Cash-Based Interventions. A guide for aid workers, París, 2007.

Adams L., Learnings from cash responses to the tsunami: Final report, HPG background paper, 2007.

Cash Learning Partnership, Delivering Money: Cash Transfer Mechanisms in Emergencies, Save the Children UK, Oxfam GB y British Red Cross, con apoyo de ECHO, Londres, 2010.

Creti P. y Jaspars, S, Cash Transfer Programming in emergencies, Oxfam GB, Londres, 2006.

Harvey P., Cash and Vouchers in Emergencies, HPG background paper, ODI, Londres, 2005.

Respuesta en materia de semillas

Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Seed Vouchers and Fairs: A Manual for Seed-Based Agricultural Recovery in Africa. CRS in collaboration with ODI and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, 2002.

Sperling L. y Remington T., con Haugen JM, Seed Aid for Seed Security: Advice for Practitioners, Practice Briefs 1-10, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture/CRS, Roma, 2006.

Manuales generales sobre la nutrición en situaciones de emergencia

ACNUR/PMA, Guidelines for Selective Feeding – the Management of Malnutrition in Emergencies, 2009.

ACNUR, UNICEF, PMA y OMS: Food and Nutrition Needs in Emergencies, Ginebra, 2002
WFP, Food and Nutrition Handbook. Rome, 2001.

IASC, A toolkit for addressing nutrition in emergency situations, 2008.

IASC Nutrition Cluster’s Capacity Development Working Group, Harmonised Training Package (HTP), 2006. http://www.ennonline.net/htpversion2

OMS, The Management of Nutrition in Major Emergencies, Ginebra, 2000.

Prudhon C., Assessment and Treatment of Malnutrition in Emergency Situations, París, 2002.

Personas vulnerables

IASC (2006), Mujeres, niñas, niños y hombres – igualdad de oportunidades para necesidades diferentes, 2006. www.humanitarianreform.org/Default.aspx?tabid=656
FANTA y PMA, Food Assistance Programming in the Context of HIV, 2007.

FAO y OMS, Aprender a Vivir con el VIH/SIDA - Manual sobre Cuidados y Apoyo Nutricionales a los Enfermos de VIH/SIDA, Roma, 2002. www.fao.org

HelpAge International, Addressing the Nutritional Needs of Older People in Emergency Situations in Africa: Ideas for Action, Nairobi, 2001. www.helpage.org/publications

HelpAge and UNHCR: Older people in disasters and humanitarian crisis, 2007. www.helpage.org/publications

Winstock, A., The Practical Management of Eating and Drinking Difficulties in Children, Winslow Press, Bicester, Reino Unido, 1994.

Tratamiento de la malnutrición aguda

ENN, CIHD y ACF: MAMI Report. Technical Review: Current evidence, policies, practices & programme outcomes, 2010.

ENN, IFE Core Group and collaborators, Integration of IYCF support into CMAM, 2009. www.ennonline.net/resources

FANTA-2 (2008), Training guide for Community based management of acute malnutrition
Navarro-Colorado C., Mason F., and Shoham, J (2008), Measuring the effectiveness of SFP in emergencies, 2008.

Navarro-Colorado C. and Shoham J., Supplementary feeding Minimum reporting package (por publicarse)

OMS, Management of Severe Malnutrition: A Manual for Physicians and Other Senior Health Workers, Ginebra, 1999.

OMS/PMA/UNSCN/UNICEF (2007), Community-Based Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition. A Joint Statement by the WHO, WFP, the United Nations System Standing Committee on Nutrition and UNICEF.

VALID International (2006), Community Based Therapeutic Care (CTC): A field Manual.

Carencias de micronutrientes

OMS, Scurvy and Its Prevention and Control in Major Emergencies (El escorbuto y su prevención y control en casos importantes de emergencia), Ginebra, 1999. www.who.int/nut

OMS, Thiamine Deficiency and Its Prevention and Control in Major Emergencies (La carencia en tiamina y su prevención y control en casos importantes de emergencia. Ginebra 1999. www.who.int/nut

OMS, Pellagra and Its Prevention and Control in Major Emergencies, Ginebra, 2000,

OMS, Vitamin A supplements, a guide to their use in the treatment and prevention of Vitamin A deficiency – xerophtalmia (segunda edición), Ginebra, 1998.

OMS y UNICEF, Guiding principles for the use of multiple vitamin and mineral preparations in emergencies, 2007.

Seal A. and Prudhon C., Assessing micronutrient deficiencies in emergencies: Current practice and future directions, 2007.

UNICEF/UNU/OMS, Iron Deficiency Anaemia: Assessment, Prevention and Control. A Guide for Programme Managers, Ginebra, 2001.